1. SQL Server导入导出向导,这种方式是最方便的.

导入向导,微软提供了多种数据源驱动,包括SQL Server Native Cliant, OLE DB For Oracle,Flat File Source,Access,Excel,XML等,基本上可以满足系统开发的需求.
同样导出向导也有同样多的目的源驱动,可以把数据导入到不同的目的源.
对数据库管理人员来说这种方式简单容易操作,导入时SQL Server也会帮你建立相同结构的Table.
2. 用.NET的代码实现(比如有一个txt或是excel的档案,到读取到DB中)
2.1 最为常见的就是循环读取txt的内容,然后一条一条的塞入到Table中.这里不再赘述.
2.2 集合整体读取,使用OLEDB驱动.

代码如下:




string strOLEDBConnect=@"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=D:\1\;Extended Properties='text;HDR=Yes;FMT=Delimited'";
OleDbConnection conn=new OleDbConnection (strOLEDBConnect);
conn. The Open ();
SQLstmt="select * from 1. TXT";//read the. TXT
the data in the DataTable dt=new to the DataTable ();
OleDbDataAdapter da=new OleDbDataAdapter (SQLstmt, conn);
da. The Fill (dt);//added in the DataSet of the specified range or refresh line to match the use of the DataSet, DataTable and IDataReader rows in the data source name.
if(dt.Rows.Count>0)
foreach(DataRow dr in dt.Rows)
{
SQLstmt="insert into MyTable values('" + dr..."

3.BCP,可以用作大容量的数据导入导出,也可以配合xp_cmdshell来使用.
语法:

BCP语法

bcp {[[database_name.][schema].]{table_name | view_name} | "query"}
{in | out | queryout | format} data_file
[-mmax_errors] [-fformat_file] [-x] [-eerr_file]
[-Ffirst_row] [-Llast_row] [-bbatch_size]
[-ddatabase_name] [-n] [-c] [-N] [-w] [-V (70 | 80 | 90 )]
[-q] [-C { ACP | OEM | RAW | code_page } ] [-tfield_term]
[-rrow_term] [-iinput_file] [-ooutput_file] [-apacket_size]
[-S [server_name[\instance_name]]] [-Ulogin_id] [-Ppassword]
[-T] [-v] [-R] [-k] [-E] [-h"hint [,...n]"]

请注意数据导入导出的方向参数:in,out,queryout

如:

如:

4.BULK INSERT. T-SQL的命令,允许直接导入数据
语法:

BULK INSERT
[ database_name. [ schema_name ] . | schema_name. ] [ table_name | view_name ]
FROM 'data_file'
[ WITH
(
[ [ , ] BATCHSIZE=batch_size ]
[ [ , ] CHECK_CONSTRAINTS ]
[ [ , ] CODEPAGE={ 'ACP' | 'OEM' | 'RAW' | 'code_page' } ]
[ [ , ] DATAFILETYPE=
{ 'char' | 'native'| 'widechar' | 'widenative' } ]
[ [ , ] FIELDTERMINATOR='field_terminator' ]
[ [ , ] FIRSTROW=first_row ]
[ [ , ] FIRE_TRIGGERS ]
[ [ , ] FORMATFILE='format_file_path' ]
[ [ , ] KEEPIDENTITY ]
[ [ , ] KEEPNULLS ]
[ [ , ] KILOBYTES_PER_BATCH=kilobytes_per_batch ]
[ [ , ] LASTROW=last_row ]
[ [ , ] MAXERRORS=max_errors ]
[ [ , ] ORDER ( { column [ ASC | DESC ] } [ ,...n ] ) ]
[ [ , ] ROWS_PER_BATCH=rows_per_batch ]
[ [ , ] ROWTERMINATOR='row_terminator' ]
[ [ , ] TABLOCK ]
[ [ , ] ERRORFILE='file_name' ]
)]

重要参数:
FIELDTERMINATOR,字段分隔符
FIRSTROW:第一个数据行
ROWTERMINATOR:行终结符
如:


BULK INSERT dbo.ImportTest
FROM 'C:\ImportData.txt'
WITH ( FIELDTERMINATOR=',', FIRSTROW=2 )

5. OPENROWSET也是T-SQL的命令,包含有DB连接的信息和其它导入方法不同的是,OPENROWSET可以作为一个目标表参与INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE操作.
语法:

OPENROWSET
( { 'provider_name', { 'datasource';'user_id';'password'
| 'provider_string' }
, { [ catalog. ] [ schema. ] object
| 'query'
}
| BULK 'data_file',
{ FORMATFILE='format_file_path' [ ]
| SINGLE_BLOB | SINGLE_CLOB | SINGLE_NCLOB }
} ) ::=
[ , CODEPAGE={ 'ACP' | 'OEM' | 'RAW' | 'code_page' } ]
[ , ERRORFILE='file_name' ]
[ , FIRSTROW=first_row ]
[ , LASTROW=last_row ]
[ , MAXERRORS=maximum_errors ]
[ , ROWS_PER_BATCH=rows_per_batch ]

如:

INSERT INTO dbo.ImportTest
SELECT * FROM OPENROWSET('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Excel 8.0;Database=C:\ImportData.xls', 'SELECT * FROM [Sheet1$]' WHERE A1 IS NOT NULL)

6.OPENDATASOURCE
语法:
OPENDATASOURCE ( provider_name,init_string )
如:

INSERT INTO dbo.ImportTest
SELECT * FROM OPENDATASOURCE('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source=C:\ImportData.xls;Extended Properties=Excel 8.0')...[Sheet1$]

7.OPENQUERY.是在linked server的基础上执行的查询.所以执行之前必须先建立好link server.OPENQUERY的结果集可以作为一个table参与DML的操作.
语法:
OPENQUERY (linked_server ,'query')
如:

EXEC sp_addlinkedserver 'ImportData',
'Jet 4.0', 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'C:\ImportData.xls',
NULL,
'Excel 8.0'
GO
INSERT INTO dbo.ImportTest
SELECT *
FROM OPENQUERY(ImportData, 'SELECT * FROM [Sheet1$]')

以上只是简单总结的一些DB数据导入导出的方法及其一些简单的实例,希望对你实践中会有所帮助.

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  • used to export data to MySQL instance introduction


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